History, history, facts and more

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The day was observed in 1983 as part of an international campaign by the Farm Animal Rights Movement.  (Photo courtesy of Unsplash)
The day was observed in 1983 as part of an international campaign by the Farm Animal Rights Movement. (Photo courtesy of Unsplash)





World Farm Animal Day, celebrated every year on October 2, is of particular importance as it highlights and raises awareness of the widespread issue of animal abuse.












It serves as a pitiful reminder that countless innocent animals have suffered and lost their lives in the vast and often inhumane conditions of factory farms.

Additionally, the day advocates for the enforcement of regulations aimed at ensuring the fair treatment and welfare of all animals, regardless of their life stages.

The ultimate goal is to enable the production of high quality meat and related products using healthy and humanely treated animals.

World Farm Animal Day, also known as ‘International Day of Farmed Animals’, is celebrated on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, a famous spiritual leader and human rights advocate. Gandhi emphasized the importance of treating all living beings, including animals, with equal respect and dignity.












The Observatory was established in 1983 as part of the International Farm Animal Rights Movement campaign. It serves as a platform to raise awareness about the long suffering and harsh conditions that farm animals endure, including their brutal slaughter. Those who celebrate this day aim to inspire others to contribute to creating a more compassionate world where animals are not treated as mere objects.

Throughout history, billions of farm animals have been raised for food in massive factory farms and slaughterhouses around the world.

However, there is hope for these animals. About a quarter of a century ago, a farming scheme endorsed by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) was developed and implemented. The scheme offers a viable solution for farmers seeking high animal welfare standards and for consumers who wish to support such ethical farming practices.

In today’s context, discussions and initiatives related to animal welfare and humane treatment are becoming increasingly popular thanks to movements such as vegetarianism and veganism. These movements have put animals and their rights at the forefront of public consciousness, promoting greater awareness and positive change.












  1. In the United States, there are about 94 million cows, which means there is about one cow for every three people.

  2. Chickens have the ability to make more than 200 different vocalizations.

  3. Pigs don’t have sweat glands, so they have to roll in the dirt to protect themselves from the sun and keep cool.

  4. Donkeys have a unique eye position that allows them to see all four of their hooves regardless of their posture.

  5. Cows are highly social animals and form bonds and relationships with each other.

  1. Support animal charities.

Many charities focus on improving the lives of animals, including farm animals. You can find someone in your area and contribute to their cause through remote or online donations.

  1. Visit an animal shelter.

Explore the animal sanctuary and take your kids for a walk. This is an opportunity to learn about animals and actively participate in their care. Your kids can also interact with the animals by petting and brushing them.












  1. Adopt a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle.

If you’re passionate about animal rights, consider adopting a vegetarian or vegan diet. By doing this, you can avoid the guilt of eating meat from poorly regulated and managed farms. Going meat-free and eliminating animal products from your diet can give you a sense of moral peace.











First Published: 02 Oct 2023, 10:15 IST


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