How to grow a conch plant and its uses


Regular pruning helps maintain the shape of the plant and encourages bushy growth.  (Photo courtesy of Freepik)
Regular pruning helps maintain the shape of the plant and encourages bushy growth. (Photo courtesy of Freepik)

Shankhpashpi is a plant that grows naturally in India, especially in the Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, Himalayas, and parts of North and South India.

It is known for its small, bright blue flowers with a yellow center and pale green, long leaves that grow alternately on its stems. The conifer is a low spreading plant, typically reaching a height of 6-12 inches (15-30 cm).

This plant is full of beneficial nutrients such as alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and tannins. These substances give concoction its antioxidant properties, which help protect the body from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals.

How to grow a conch plant?


  1. Start by collecting mature seeds from a healthy plant or a trusted source.

  2. Plant the seeds in well-drained soil and press them gently into the soil.

  3. Make sure the soil is constantly moist.

  4. Generally, you can expect germination to occur within a few weeks.

Stem cuttings:

  1. Start by taking a stem cutting 4-6 inches long from a strong, healthy plant.

  2. Cut off the lower leaves and place the cuttings in well-drained soil.

  3. Maintain a constant moist soil environment by exposing the cuttings to indirect light.

  4. You can expect to see root growth within a few weeks.


  1. Start by uprooting a mature plant and then dividing it into smaller sections.

  2. Proceed to plant these divisions either in separate pots or in your garden.

  3. Be sure to water them well and provide them with the care they need to thrive.

Conch Pushpi Plant: Growth requirements


Cones thrive in full sun to partial shade. To promote its best growth and flowering, make sure it gets at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily. However, conifers can tolerate some shade, especially during the hottest part of the day.


Coconut thrives in soil that is well-drained and rich in organic matter. A mixture of loam, sand and compost is a suitable choice. It is important to maintain moisture without allowing the soil to become oversaturated. Aim for a slightly acidic to neutral pH range of about 6.0 to 7.0 to support optimal growth.


Maintain a stable soil moisture level without oversaturation. Water the plant well when the top inch of soil looks dry. During periods of extreme heat and drought, increase the frequency of watering to prevent the soil from drying out completely. Be careful not to overwater, as this can result in root rot.


Cucumber thrives in warm temperatures that are usually between 22°C and 32°C. While it can withstand high temperatures, it can benefit from extra protection during unusually intense heat waves.


To nourish the plant, apply a well-balanced, water-soluble fertilizer monthly during active growth. Choose a fertilizer with equal proportions of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, indicated by an NPK ratio of 10-10-10. Follow the recommended application rates provided on the product packaging. Be careful not to over-fertilize, as this can result in excessive plant growth at the expense of fewer flowers.


Regular pruning is beneficial to maintain the desired shape of the plant and stimulate vigorous growth. Cut back any excessively long or messy stems to promote a denser and more compact appearance. After the flowering period, prune to remove faded flowers and stimulate new flower growth. Additionally, cut back any dead or damaged branches, as needed.

Insects and diseases

Cones are generally resistant to pests and diseases, but aphids, spider mites, and powdery mildew can sometimes be a concern. Keep a close eye on the plant, and if problems occur, use organic pesticides or fungicides according to the directions on the product label.

Cone Plant: Uses.

Shankhapashpi is highly respected in traditional medicine for its cognitive and memory-enhancing properties. It is known to have a calming effect on the nervous system, helping to manage stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders.

Beyond the cognitive benefits, conch has traditional uses to treat ailments such as headache, fever, constipation, inflammation and liver disorders.

First Published: 21 Sep 2023, 11:22 IST


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